When the manifestations of a dandruff are found, a person may begin to worry, panic, not knowing the reasons for its appearance and not knowing the correct method of treatment. In fact, dandruff is not as scary as it seems to be. It is a harmless widely spread problem which in majority of situations appears after stress situations. Many people consider the appearance of dandruff to be a cosmetic problem, but not a medical one, and this is a rude mistake. As a result, the treatment can take much longer time. In order not to let it happen and be free from “white flakes” in hair, let’s consider the question in detail.
What are the first manifestations and symptoms of dandruff?
The first signs of dandruff can be white flakes on hair, scalp or clothes. If dandruff doesn’t disappear after some weeks, there can also appear itching and irritation of scalp skin, increase of the dimensions of visible particles, red spots or yellowish patches. At such manifestations, it is necessary to consult with a healthcare professional.
Types of dandruff
Dandruff can be different: dry or oily
Dry dandruff appears in 30 minutes after washing hear and is accompanied with white flakes appearance, as well as skin itching. Such problem is caused by infringements on skin level of definite metabolic processes. Very often people facing such a problem have thin hair splitting on ends.
Oily dandruff is less visible, than dry, since the head itches but there are no white flakes. In this situation, the hair looks unclean and out-of-condition. This happens because the skin pells die off, but they stick to hair and do not fall down. Such skin pells are saturated with smegma and become a favourable medium for fungi activation. In case of oily dandruff, hair skin is always inflamed resulting hair loss.
Causes of dandruff
The main cause of dandruff is the fungi Pityrosporum ovale. They are on the head of practically each person, but when their quantity increases and they demonstrate excess activity, it results in the appearance of dandruff. Most often such fungi activity is caused by stress, eating too much of greasy and salted food, vitamin deficiency, depressed immune system function etc. As a result, there are favourable conditions for fungi activity on scalp due to general decrease in immunity.
Availability of parasites on scalp. Lice and acarians also cause intolerable itching. Ask someone to examine you scalp. Thus, you may find one more cause of itching and, consequently, dandruff.
Seborrhea. Considerable changes of smegma, excessive sebum production are also accompanied with scalp desquamation. Dandruff and unpleasant itching can easily appear at such symptoms.
Very often seborrhea is accompanied with long-term chronic disease that is why it’s better not to put away the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis for later.
Allergic reactions. The range of cosmetic products is so large that it is much easier to be mistaken in choosing correct products suitable for definite scalp skin and hair type, than to make a correct choice.
In addition, an eaten allergic product can also become an irritant for a person. In such cases, doctors recommend to be complexly examined to determine the allergic factors.
Dry skin. At insufficient amount of necessary vitamins and nutrients, the skin is overdried and such dryness provokes the appearance of dandruff.
Hormonal changes or disorders – most often in the puberty period, menopause or pregnancy.
Ignoring wearing headwearin cold season or vice versa, wearing headwear even in premises leads to change of scalp microflora, itching and dandruff.
Imbalanced food ration, endocrine system misbalance, decrease in immunity, constant stresses can provoke unpleasant head itching, and subsequently dandruff.
Based on the causes of dandruff, we can make a conclusion that the problem should be searched for not only in cosmetic products, but first of all inside of the organism.
As a minimum, dandruff treatment should be started with food ration balancing, and this is definite diet, including refusal from too fried, greasy, salted, spicy products, as well as from unhealthy habits – smoking and alcohol consumption. In contrast, more products containing vitamins A, B, C, E, calcium, copper, zinc and milk and fermented milk products should be eaten.
In order to avoid such consequences as partly or full hair loss or infectious inflammatory scalp skin or mild tissues diseases, you should consult with a doctor in time. A trichologist can help you make a precise diagnosis, define the reasons of disease, select appropriate shampoo and additional anti-dandruff products (different balsams, conditioners, lotions, serums, pastes).
In order dandruff not to become a problem No 1 for you, you need to follow some simple rules:
– Select mild and caring products for head washing, especially if you wash your head every day. In addition, before going to bed you should clean your head from cosmetic products (hair styling products etc.);
– Do not scrub your head intensively while washing, since excessive scrubbing can provoke more active sebaceous glands activity;
– Don’t leave a towel on your head for too long period of time, if it is not a procedure of applying special treatment mask. Warm and wet medium is ideal for fungi reproduction;
– Don’t forget to clean and change regularly hair combs, ties and pins;
– Don’t use hair drier often;
– Keep balanced food ration;
– If you are diagnosed gastrointestinal tract diseases, endocrine and infectious diseases, nervous system diseases you should treat them in time;
– Avoid depressions, stresses and nervous situations.
If you failed to avoid dandruff appearance, don’t be in despair. There is a very good medicinal product that can help you solve this problem. Dermazole® Shampoo is a wide-spectrum anti-fungal preparation. An active component of this product – ketoconazole – has profound anti-fungal effect against of the main cause of dandruff appearance – Pityrosporum ovale.
In addition, Dermazole® Shampoo is very convenient to use. All you need is to wash your head according to recommendations. Before using, read the instruction for use of Dermazole® Shampoo carefully in order to find out how to use the shampoo correctly.